Blocks for everyone. 6 useful segments for you

This article complements previous posts on creating a persona and engaging with audiences in Google Analytics. If you didn't have an opportunity to read them so far, have a look here: Why my audience is the Persona? and How to create your hero (which Analytics will help with).

Example configuration were prepared using Universal Analytics.


As you already know, segments are useful to understand your audience and to test whether your imagination about what they are doing on your site makes sense. By reading this article, you will learn about segments, what maybe also inspire you to further "creativity". If you are already looking for specific solutions, go directly to the part you are interested in.


What are the segments?

Segment limits

What do we use segments for

Segments useful for you

Persona segment

Segment of users from social media

Segment that excludes spam

Logged in users segment

Blog readers segment for checking conversions

Abandoned cart segment from e-commerce reports

Comparing data in reports

Sharing segments

Availability of segments in your account

Editing segment

Besides


What are the segments?


Let's start from the beginning. According to Google documentation:

„A segment is a subset of your Analytics data. For example, of your entire set of users, one segment might be users from a particular country or city. Another segment might be users who purchase a particular line of products or who visit a specific part of your site.”

In practice, this means that you define the characteristics of the target group of recipients you are interested in, and from all data collected in one Analytics view, those meeting the given conditions are selected. Or you can imagine it as a kind of strainer with holes of a certain shape. Only those that pass through the strainer selected by you will fall into the prepared bucket-

segment.

Note: In this article, I only cover user segments. If you are interested in conversion segments, please see the Google documentation (link below the article).


Segment limits


As with everything, you can also create a limited number of segments. Fortunately, the limits are high so you don't have to worry about them too much. However, they depend on how you share the segments, so I'll put this information here.


If segments are set to be available to one user in each Universal Analytics data view, then there can be 1000. (Segment Availability: I can apply / edit a segment in each data view.)


If segments are only available to one user in only one data view, there can be a maximum of 100. (Segment availability: I can apply / edit a segment in this data view.)


If segments are available to all users in only one data view, there can be a maximum of 100. (Segment availability: Colleagues and I can apply / edit a segment in that data view.)


The maximum date range for user-based segments (which is all discussed here) is 93 days. If you choose a longer period, it will be automatically reduced to 93 days.


Also, note that you won't apply segments to your Google Ads cost reports or Multi Channel Funnel reports. For the latter, you will need conversion segments (link below the article).


What do we use segments for


Now that you know what segments are and how many you can create, it is still worth knowing what they will be used for. Segments as subsets are used to compare data to other parts of the dataset or to the whole. In practice, it looks like you enter the report, for example, Behavior > Site Content > All Pages, and for example, Logged In Users in the All Users segment, which is shown by default. The report updates and shows you data for both audiences, and you can see how active the logged in users were and whether they made multiple conversions and what kind. You can see which pages were viewed by them most often, how long sessions lasted and whether the bounce rate is at a satisfactory level.


You can use up to four segments in one report at once, and when you move on to the next report, the segments will stay in use. They will not disappear until you disable them or exit Analytics.


Segments useful for you


Now let's move on to the examples. Below you will find the configuration and how-to-use descriptions of the five segments that will be useful to you.


1. Persona segment


If you already have your persona (or a few) then create an "Analytics image" of it. I will use a persona named Daan, which was created in the article How to create your hero (which Analytics will help with) for Monika, a Norwegian language teacher. Let's start with how to "translate" the data from the persona into the segment settigns.


Age: 30 => Demographics > Age 24-34

Gender: male => Demographics > Male gender

Location: Rotterdam (The Netherlands) => Demographics > Location Netherlands (or the city of Rotterdam)

Language: English => Demographics > Language includes en

Profession: architect

Income: EUR 75,000 / year

Interests: contemporary architecture, mountain tourism

Values: openness to cultural diversity, freedom of travel




How to create such a segment?


Go to Admin > (right column) View > Segments > + ADD NEW SEGMENT


From the left menu choose Demographics and select all conditions in the middle, i.e. age, gender, language, and location.

In the right column you will see a summary of all selected conditions. It is especially useful when you select them from different categories, such as Demographics and Behaviour, and you may not be able to see all selected items at the same time.

Name the segment and save it.

Daan's "Analytics Image" is ready to use!


You can check whether "Daan" appears in reports, whether it uses mobile devices more often or prefers desktop, what pages it displays and how often it returns.


Are there many people in your reports matching your persona?


2. Segment of users from social media


Of course, you don't have to limit yourself to social media. In this way, you can also set up a segment of users coming in from other sources, for example branded media or paid advertising ("cpc" medium).





Go to Admin > (right column) View > Segments > + NEW SEGMENT


From the left-hand menu, select Advanced > Conditions, and in the middle, select Filter - Sessions - Include. Then select Source - Contains - facebook and click on the "OR" button on the right. In the next row, enter the name of the next social media. Keep adding rows as long as you keep adding one source at a time.


Note: Enter the sources names in lowercase because the source is taken from the URL, so it will be facebook, linkedin and tiktok, not Facebook, LinkedIn and TikTok. Additionally, Analytics will suggest source names based on the data already collected, but you don't need to enter m.facebook.com, l.facebook.com, and lm.facebook.com separately. Since the condition is set to "source contains", only one specific fragment of the address is enough for Analytics to catch them all. Therefore, "facebook".


Yes, you can also create a separate segment for each of these sources and compare them with each other.

Name the segment and save it.

Ready!


By using this segment, you can see how your social media activities impact your website traffic. However, remember that there is no traffic from Messenger or other communicators in them. If someone shared a link to your www in a private message, it will fall in as direct input (direct / none).


3. Segment that excludes spam


Sometimes your reports show up on page addresses that don't exist on your site? This is bot spam. Here's what we do with spam already registered in the data.





This time we will enter differently, directly from the report.


Go to report Behaviour > Site content > All pages. Click +Add segment > Click +NEW SEGMENT and choose Advanced > Conditions.


In the filter settings, change "Include" to "Exclude", then click the button with the inscription "Event action", and when the list expands, find "Page" (not "Search landing page" or "Exit page"). Entry side "is excluded 😉). Paste a fragment of the spamming address from your reports into the empty window, e.g. googleusercontent, as in my example.


As a bonus, you have information in the right column about the percentage of data from this report that covers the segment you are currently creating 😊


Name the segment and save it. When you come back to the table with the segment list, click "Apply". Then you automatically return to the report with the segments All users and spam spam turned on. You can turn off the first one to only look at valid data. We turn it off by clicking on the down arrow in the upper right corner of the segment.





Of course, spam should be excluded from traffic at all, but this segment will be useful for you to view and analyze the data that has already been collected. With it, you can work without worrying about how spammy traffic has corrupted your reports.


4. Logged in users segment


To create this segment, you must first let Analytics know what your users did to be considered logged in. For this, you will need to create a goal. Let it be, for example, clicking on "Log in".(If you don't know how to set up an event goal let me know - I will be happy to help – find me here).





In the picture above you can see the settings of an event goal recording the clicking on the "Log in" button. I distinguished the name of the category of this event. No other goal has a category with this name in my Analytics, so I can use that as a unique feature. See what I do with it now.





Go to report Behaviour > Site content > All pages. Click +Add segment > Click +NEW SEGMENT

From the column of conditions on the left, I select Advanced > Conditions and in the middle part I choose Filter - Sessions - Include > from the drop-down list I select a unique part of my event (in my example it is Event category) and enter the text that it contains (in my case: 'login').

I name the segment and save it.

Yuppi!


Remember that you can also make the opposite segment for only not logged in users. Just remember to select "Exclude" instead of "Include" in the configuration.


So, now you can see what the number of these logging in users is, what pages they visit, how long it takes and whether they convert (i.e. achieve the goals you have created) or not.


Remember: In the same way, you can create a segment of people who have completed another event relevant to your analysis, such as watching a video or sending a form. It is enough for your Analytics reports to include data with a unique category or action for this event.


5. Blog readers segment for checking conversions


In addition to the sales pages of individual courses, Monika also runs a blog about learning Norwegian, where she publishes articles with valuable information for her (potential) students. She enjoys sharing knowledge, but she is known to live off learning for money, so she is curious how many people who enter her blog site also visit the course pages and how much they engage in (session time, exit pages). If your situation is similar, then this segment will be of great help to you.